2018年8月25日 星期六

續,尼采 Friedrich Nietzsche「悲劇的誕生」:The Bacchae 古希臘作家Euripedes作品《酒神》(Bacchae)











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220 續,尼采「悲劇的誕生」 2018-04-17 漢清講堂


On this day in 1900, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche died in Weimar, Germany. “Madness is something rare in individuals — but in groups, parties, peoples, and ages, it is the rule.”
― from BEYOND GOOD AND EVIL by Friedrich Nietzsche
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
The philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was born in Prussia in 1844. After the death of his father, a Lutheran minister, Nietzsche was raised from the age of five by his mother in a household of women. In 1869 he was appointed Professor of Classical Philology at the University of Basel, where he taught until 1879 when poor health forced him to retire. He never recovered from a nervous breakdown in 1889 and died 11 years later. Known for saying that “god is dead,” Nietzsche propounded his metaphysical construct of the superiority of the disciplined individual (superman) living in the present over traditional values derived from Christianity and its emphasis on heavenly rewards. His ideas were appropriated by the Fascists, who turned his theories into social realities that he had never intended.


Deming 博士(1900-1993)是老式的學者,他的著作,不管是統計學的或管理學的書,在各章章前都有"題辭"(epigraphs)。這些,給讀者復習或深思的題材。不過,這對喜好追根究柢的人兩大挑戰:
一. 讀者確切知道該章"題辭"(epigraph)所對應的章旨嗎?
二. "題辭"(epigraph) 的上下文是什麼呢?
多年前,我要找下述"題辭",卻找不到;Euripides著《戴神的女信徒》(The Bacchae),胡耀恆,胡宗文譯---根據希臘文文翻譯,而Deming 博士則根據英譯本,不過我沒去查英譯本的出處:
2008/8/14 日與彭老師談 智慧 vs 機智 等。
Deming博士的"題辭"引文,無法在這版本找到。無法知道版本差異。
附錄:日本的轉型
「不要誤以為你的機智就是智慧。」──古希臘作家Euripedes作品《酒神》(Bacchae)中,Tiresius向Dionysus說。
「對愚人而言,智慧有如痴言妄語。」──同上作品,Dionysus向Cadmus說。




手頭的是蔡源煌《從浪漫主義到後現代主義》(1991 第9刷)
這是用自己的話和讀書報告談些"文學術語" (這在西方已很精細,著名的文學術語專書,從北京大學出版社的,一路都有翻譯、發行。)

《從浪漫主義到後現代主義》很難得,編有索引,可惜還不夠全面,譬如說,"浪漫主義" Romanticism,除3~14頁,它處如第103頁等,都談到。
其他如索引缺Thomas的 Mann,第110頁談其《威尼斯之死》末的一場夢,我在漢清講堂的談尼采的《悲劇的誕生》中,已指出有教授認為,該夢,即是談尼采的《悲劇的誕生》。




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